First Stockbridge Congress for Child Analysis, 1950


First Stockbridge Congress for Child Analysis, 1950

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Title: First Stockbridge Congress for Child Analysis, 1950
Abstract: Lydia M. Gibson Dawes (d. 1990) was the first child analyst at Children's Hospital in Boston, Mass. Dawes developed an interest in psychotherapy after graduating from Yale University School of Medicine in 1929, and moved with her husband, Daniel Dawes, to Vienna, Austria in 1932. The couple lived in Vienna from 1932-1936, during which time Lydia was psychoanalyzed by Anna Freud, and she worked in Allgemeine Krankenhaus and the Lazar Children's Clinic. Upon leaving Vienna, Dawes completed her analysis training in 1940 at the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. In both Vienna and Boston, she studied with Ernst Kris, Edward Bibring, August Aichhorn, Helene Deutch, among others. Dawes died in Boston, Mass. in 1990.

Grete Bibring (1899-1977) was clinical professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass., and the first woman in 1961 to hold a full professorship and serve as head of a clinical department at the institution. Bibring studied medicine at the University of Vienna, graduating in 1918, and later earned her MD in 1924; she began studying psychoanalysis between 1918 and 1922 in an informal group who visited Sigmund Freud and attended weekly meetings of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Bibring helped establish the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in 1933 where she became a trainer and instructor. Upon her arrival in the United States in 1941, she joined the Boston Psychoanalytic Institute; and in 1946, she was asked to establish the department of Psychiatry at Beth Israel Hospital in Boston, Mass.

Anna Freud (1895-1982) was the daughter of Sigmund Freud, and a leader in the development of chills psychoanalysis. Anna studied psychoanalysis under her father in Vienna, and spent her early career taking over his professional career during the 1920s. During this time, she was active in the International Psychoanalytical Association and established the field of child psychoanalysis in Vienna. In 1927, she opened a children's school with Dorothy Burlingham. In 1939, Anna fled to the United Kingdom, and set up the Hampstead War Nursery which provided foster care for over 80 children of single-parent families. She established the Hampstead Child Therapy Courses with Kate Friedlaender in 1947 and five years later opened a children's clinic and trained English and international child therapists. Freud lectured and taught internationally throughout the next three decades.

Helene Deutsch (1884-1982) was one of the first female medical students at the University of Vienna. She began studying psychoanalysis under Sigmund Freud, and later moved to Berlin to study with Karl Abraham, one of Freud's colleagues. Deutsch is best known for her work, The Psychology of Women's Sexual Functions, in which she addresses women's identification with their mothers, and her active involvement in the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. Deutsch, and her husband, Felix, arrived in Boston, Mass. in 1935, and Helene was active in the Boston Psychoanalytic Institute.

The Grete Bibring Papers and the Lydia M. Gibson Dawes Papers, 1926-1959, are held in the Center for the History of Medicine in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine. Contact the Reference Librarian for further information.

Selected images and items from the Lydia M. Gibson Dawes Papers are currently on display in The Stethoscope Sorority: Stories from the Archives for Women in Medicine until September 2006 at the Countway Library.

Image 1 - First Stockbridge Congress of Child Analysis. Child analysts from the United States and abroad attended this conference in Stockbridge, Mass. to discuss psychotherapy and psychoanalysis for children. Attendees included Lydia M. Gibson Dawes (front row, second from left), Dorothy T. Burlingham (first row, fourth from left), Helene Deutsch (front row, eighth from right), Anna Freud (front row, seventh from right), Greta L. Bibring (second row, ninth from left), and Marianne Kris (top row, third from left), in addition to others.

Image 2 - Lydia M. Gibson Dawes (center) at Stockbridge, Mass., 23-24 April 1950. At left: Grete Bibring talks with Anna Freud. In the background, Lydia Dawes (fourth from left) in black coat walks amongst other attendees. In the foreground, Felix Deutsch (second from right) and Ernst Kris (back to camera) attend the conference.

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